- A prolonged sequence of futures (or FX, equities, cryptos – pick your poison) trades with a fixed $1000 profit target and a fixed risk of $1000 (normalized for underlying trends) should produce profits in 50% of the trades. A net loss would occur over time due to trading fees.
- A prolonged sequence of futures trades with a fixed $2000 profit target and fixed risk of $1000 risk (normalized for underlying trends) should produce profits in approximately 33% of the

trades. I would have a “killer” trading program if I could achieve a 50% win rate with a 2:1 win-size/loss-size ratio. - A prolonged sequence of futures trades with a fixed $4000 profit target and fixed risk of $1000 risk (normalized for underlying trends) should produce profits in approximately 20% of the

trades. Just imagine how profitable this profile would be if only 1/3rd of trades scored a win.

Many traders only enter trades with a profit/risk ratio of 3:1. I understand the concept behind this – although I do not pay much attention to profit-potential/risk ratios in my own trading because I move my stop aggressively even though I may hold fast to a target.

Active and aggressive trade management DRAMATICALLY alters the probability calculus. While the math

is complex, think of it this way:

- My five year ratio of avg. profit size to avg. loss size is 3.8 to 1
- My five year Profit Factor (PF) is 5.1

IMO, the PF is a better metric to reflect the projected ratio of win-size/loss-size for the purpose of understanding the impact of random probability. A 5.1 metric is the rough equivalent of rolling the number 1 on a six-sided die (the probability is 1/6 or 16.6%). It is interesting to note that this percentage figure is similar to the percent of trading events that tend to put in my bottom line in most years. Coincidence? No.

Random probability theory applies best to the “law of large numbers.” Over a shorter series of events just about anything can happen. The point of this discussion is that thinking of trading in terms of “win-rate” over an extended period of time is a meaningless metric. I encourage traders to investigate a deeper understanding of the calculus of trading.

My three “take-aways” from this discussion are:

1. Avoid using simplistic performance metrics such as “win-rate” to understand the dynamics of a trading approach/program.

2. Trade identification (the “signal”) is far less important than risk and trade management.

3. Protecting one’s pile of chips is job #1. All approaches to market speculation run into losing streaks. Things will eventually get sorted out as long as the pile of chips remains mostly intact.

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Peter Brandt is a 40+ year veteran of trading. Through his Factor Service, members receive:

Trading Commodity Futures with Classical Chart Patterns: A free PDF copy of Peter’s classic out-of-print book

Weekend Update: 10-16 pages full of in-depth chart analysis and charting commentary

Alerts: Detailed information on specific charts as unique opportunities present themselves

Market Commentaries: Communications on specific topics regarding market speculation and trading distributed periodically

Webinars: Monthly member-only webinars where Peter speaks about current conditions and fields member questions

Knowledge Center: Fast and easy access to current and archived content from Peter’s extensive library of content

Automatic notifications: Email and social media notifications are sent out when new content is published

]]>Peter Brandt is a 40+ year veteran of trading. Through his Factor Service, members receive:

Trading Commodity Futures with Classical Chart Patterns: A free PDF copy of Peter’s classic out-of-print bookWeekend Update: 10-16 pages full of in-depth chart analysis and charting commentaryAlerts: Detailed information on specific charts as unique opportunities present themselvesMarket Commentaries: Communications on specific topics regarding market speculation and trading distributed periodicallyWebinars: Monthly member-only webinars where Peter speaks about current conditions and fields member questionsKnowledge Center: Fast and easy access to current and archived content from Peter’s extensive library of contentAutomatic notifications: Email and social media notifications are sent out when new content is published.

The daily graph on ABX (Barrick Gold) displays a possible 7-week continuation H&S pattern. Price broke out of this H&S on Friday, triggering a potential target on ABX of $18.14.

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Peter Brandt is a 40+ year veteran of trading. Through his Factor Service, members receive:

Trading Commodity Futures with Classical Chart Patterns: A free PDF copy of Peter’s classic out-of-print book

Weekend Update: 10-16 pages full of in-depth chart analysis and charting commentary

Alerts: Detailed information on specific charts as unique opportunities present themselves

Market Commentaries: Communications on specific topics regarding market speculation and trading distributed periodically

Webinars: Monthly member-only webinars where Peter speaks about current conditions and fields member questions

Knowledge Center: Fast and easy access to current and archived content from Peter’s extensive library of content

Automatic notifications: Email and social media notifications are sent out when new content is published